What Causes Periodontal Disease Our mouths are full of bacteria. These bacteria, along with mucus and other particles, constantly form a sticky, colorless “plaque” on teeth. Brushing and flossing help get rid of plaque. Plaque that is not removed can harden and form bacteria-harboring “tartar” or “calculus” that brushing doesn’t clean. Only a professional cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist can remove tartar. Periodontal Disease Treatment – Also Known As Gum Disease Treatment The main goal of treatment is to control the infection. The number and types of treatment will vary, depending on the extent of the gum disease. Any type of treatment requires that the patient keep up good daily care at home. Additionally, modifying certain behaviors, such as quitting tobacco use, might also be suggested as a way to improve treatment outcome. Depending on how advanced the periodontal disease, referral to a Periodontist may be required. Deep Cleaning (Scaling and Root Planing) The dentist, periodontist or dental hygienist removes the “tartar” or “calculus” through a deep-cleaning method called scaling and root planing. Scaling means scraping off the tartar from above and below the gum line. Root planing gets rid of rough spots on the tooth root where the germs gather, and helps remove bacteria that contribute to the disease. The good news is that gum disease is treatable, and the damage can be minimized when caught in the earliest stages. At Dr. Caffaratti‘s, our experienced team of professionals have the tools to treat gum disease at every stage, and can help you maintain your dental health after your periodontal cleaning. Dr. Caffaratti also offers a full range of Cosmetic and Specialty Dentistry Services: • Teeth Whitening • Bonding • Porcelain Veneers • Dental Implants • Bone Grafts • Sinus Lifts • Oral Rehabilitation Contact our Sparks, Nevada Dental Office of Dr. Caffaratti to schedule your consultation with our friendly and knowledgeable team of smile experts.